Hypothyroidism and Diabetes

The link between hypothyroidism and diabetes does exist and for that patients with diabetes should be tested for thyroid disorders every 2-3 years.

Thyroid disease is common among general population, and the prevalence increases along with the age. Fortunately, the assessment of thyroid function by modern techniques is both; reliable and inexpensive. Thyroid disease can occur in many ways like insufficient or over production of thyroid hormones, thyroid gland removal, iodine deficiency thyroid malfunctioning, congenital anomalies etc.

On the other hand, diabetes patient have more prevalence of thyroid disorder compared to the normal population. This is because a person with one organ specific autoimmune disease is at higher risk of getting other autoimmune disorders. If a person is female, then chances increase. According to one study, up to 30% of female type one diabetes patients have thyroid disease. The postpartum thyroiditis in diabetic females is three times more as compare to normal woman. This is also common with diabetes type II.

Thyroid malfunctioning especially disease related to over active thyroid is well known for worsening the case of diabetes by increasing the insulin requirement and disturbing the glycemic control in the body. There will be underlying increased hepatic gluconeogenesis, increased insulin resistance and rapid glucose absorption from the intestines.

Studies have reveal that an incidence of hypothyroidism is to be increased in both patients with type one and type two diabetes. When these people get hypothyroidism it is quite difficult to treat as the way their body use the glucose is altered in a major way. A person will be at fatigue and feels no physical activity to perform.

Both diseases involve the endocrine system. Thyroid disorders have significant effect on the glucose levels in the blood and if left untouched, may affect the diabetes control. It can affect in both ways; an underactive thyroid gland can decrease the insulin requirement and overactive may increase it.

On the initial stages, thyroid disease may be left undiagnosed. This could be due to its sluggish appearance of symptoms. Many times the symptoms even if they appear in a different way, resemble to those for diabetes. Symptoms of over active thyroid gland in people with diabetes type one can be like weight loss though there is increased appetite. There will be fatigue also. On other hand, symptoms of hypothyroidism and diabetes type II will resemble the same like weight gain, feeling cold, dry skin and hairs, fatigue, constipation etc.

The treatment includes for over activeness of thyroid gland is anti-thyroid drugs which can slower down the thyroid hormone production, radioactive iodine therapy and surgical removal of thyroid gland itself. Person with hypothyroidism should be treated with thyroid hormone supplements and perfectly balanced diet. The hormonal supplement for thyroid comes in small pills.

The link between thyroid disease and diabetes does exist and for that patients with diabetes should be tested for thyroid disorders every 2-3 years. The best among all tests are the hormonal level of TSH (thyroid stimulating hormone). For both the diseases, physical exercises along with Yoga postures will be beneficial. The diet should be very carefully designed as the food is to be selected which should neither worsen thyroid function nor it should disturb the glucose levels in the body. There are also certain herbs having good results on both the diseases simultaneously.

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