Common Symptoms of Thyroid Disease

Hypothyroidism Symptoms

The symptoms of hypothyroidism — an underactive thyroid — tend to mirror the slowing down of physical processes that results from insufficient thyroid hormone. Common symptoms include fatigue, weight gain, constipation, fuzzy thinking, low blood pressure, fluid retention, depression, body pain, slow reflexes, and much more.

Hyperthyroidism Symptoms

The symptoms of hyperthyroidism tend to reflect the rapid metabolism that results from an oversupply of thyroid hormone. Common symptoms include anxiety, insomnia, rapid weight loss, diarrhea, high heart rate, high blood pressure, eye sensitivity/bulging and vision disturbances, and many other concerns.

Autoimmune Thyroid Disease Symptoms

The two autoimmune diseases that directly affect the thyroid are Hashimoto’s disease and Graves’ disease. The symptoms of Hashimoto’s disease usually parallel the hypothyroidism that is a result of the disease. Occasionally, however, while the thyroid is failing, it can have periods where it sputters into life and even becomes temporarily overactive. This is known as Hashitoxicosis. Symptoms then can be confusing, with cycling over a period of days or weeks between hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism symptoms.

Goiter/Nodules Symptoms

Symptoms of goiter — an enlarged thyroid — include a swollen, tender or tight feeling in the neck or throat, hoarseness or coughing, and difficulty swallowing or breathing. Sometimes, the goiter is visbible to yourself or others.

Symptoms of nodules depend on what action they are having. Some cause no symptoms, while others may cause difficulty swallowing, a feeling of fullness, pain or pressure in the neck, a hoarse voice, or neck tenderness. Some nodules trigger hyperthyroid-like symptoms such as palpitations, insomnia, weight loss, anxiety, and tremors. Nodules can also trigger hypothyroidism, and symptoms might include weight gain, fatigue, depression. Nodules can sometimes cause cycling back and forth between hyperthyroid and hypothyroid symptoms.

Thyroid Cancer Symptoms

Although many patients are asymptomatic at first, possible symptoms of thyroid cancer include a lump in the neck, voice changes, difficulty breathing or swallowing, or lymph node swelling.

Thyroiditis Symptoms

Symptoms of thyroiditis typically include pain and tenderness in the thyroid area, neck and throat, difficulty sleeping. Thyroiditis may also trigger traditional hypothyroid or hyperthyroid symptoms.